|13:00-13:20||Departure from HICO / Arriving at Daereungwon Garden|
|13:20-14:20||Daereungwon Garden (Cheonmachong)|
|14:30-16:00||Cheomseongdae, Kyochon Village, Woljeonggyo Bridge|
|16:10-17:10||Free Tour of Hwangridan-gil|
|17:20-18:30||Donggung and Wolji (Anapji)|
|19:00||Arriving at HICO|
Ancient remains are scattered in the area around Daereungwon, where 23 ancient tombs from the Silla Dynasty are gathered on a large land of 126,500 square meters.
It takes a considerable amount of time to look around the inside of Daereungwon.
The tombs that should be noted include the 13th Tomb of King Michu, Hwangnamdaechong Tomb, where the huge Pyo Hyeong-bun catches the eye, and Cheonmachong Tomb, where you can look inside the tomb.
The legend of the Great Leaf Army is told at the Tomb of King Michu, which is also famous for cherry blossom viewing on spring days.
In the early Silla period, when Iseoguk invaded Silla, soldiers with bamboo leaves (bamboo leaves) on their heads flocked to defeat them, and the bamboo leaves attached to the soldiers were piled up in front of King Michu's tomb. After that, people called the tomb of King Michu's tomb "Jukjangneung" as its nickname.
Hwangnamdaechong Tomb is the largest tomb in Gyeongju, with two tombs connected north and south like the backs of Ssangbong camels.
During the excavation and investigation in the 1970s, as many as 57,000 artifacts were found.In the northern tomb, accessories such as women's belts, necklaces, and bracelets, including gold crowns, were found, In the southern tomb, relics centered on men's bones, gilt-bronze crowns, and weapons are presumed to be the tombs of men and women.
Another tomb representing Daeneungwon, Cheonmachong, is not far from Hwangnamdaechong. It is a picture of a heavenly horse that looks auspicious and cheerful as if the Jade Emperor is riding in the sky. The Cheonmado Island, which was drawn on the horse's cradle, came out of this tomb.Thus, Tomb No. 155 was named Cheonmachong, and became almost the only tomb where you can see the inside of the tomb.
Finally, a magnolia tree standing between the tombs is a point to watch in Daerungwon, which should not be missed in the picturesque photo zone.
Cheomseongdae, the oldest astronomical observatory in the East. It is presumed to have been built during the 27th Queen Seondeok of Silla and is one of the landmarks symbolizing Gyeongju.
It is about 9m high, with a cylindrical part shaped like a liquor bottle on top of the base that serves as a pedestal and a top part shaped like a Jeong at the top.
The cylindrical part was stacked with 27 layers of fan-shaped stones. With the window in the southeast as the center, the bottom is filled with makdol, and the top is pierced to the top, making the inside empty. At the top, where the eastern half is blocked with pebbles, the end of a long stone that is engaged in a Jeong shape protrudes outward. This figure is also found in steps 19-20 and 25-26, and it seems to have been suitable for hanging a ladder from the inside.
According to the old records, it was said that "people are supposed to go up in the middle," but it seems that they put a ladder on the outside, went inside through the window, and then climbed to the top using a ladder to observe the sky.
The stones that make up Cheomseongdae have their own meanings. The shape of Cheomseongdae, which is round above and square below, embodies the sky and the ground. The 365 stones that made Cheomseongdae symbolize the number of days of the year, the 27th stone altar symbolizes the 27th Queen Seondeok who built Cheomseongdae, and the 29th and 30th stones combined with the top pavilion symbolizes the number of days of the lunar month.
While it is presumed that observers have entered and left, the upper 12th and lower 12th levels indicate a year, 12 months, and 24 seasons based on the window.
It can be guessed that Cheomseongdae was also used to calculate the movement of the sky to determine the timing of farming and to predict the future of the country.
Kyochon Village, where Gyeongju Choi's house, which is an important folk material No. 27, and Gyeongju Gyodong Beopju, an important intangible cultural asset No. 86-Dahoin, is a place where the rich man of Gyeongju, who has worked hard in academics, produced Shinsa for nine generations, is located.
In particular, the principle that came down like a family motto from the richest man's house, "Do not be more than Shinshi, collect more than 10,000 seats, treat guests generously, do not buy other people's fields in bad times, and wear cotton clothes for three years, so that no one can starve to death."
It is said that there was Yoseokgung Palace, where Princess Yoseok of Silla, who gave birth to Seolchong, lived, and nearby are Gyerim, where the birth story of Park Hyuk-geose, the founder of Silla, lived, and Jaemaejeong, where General Naemulwangneung, Gyeongjuhyanggyo, and General Kim Yoo-shin lived.
There are various experience centers in Kyochon Village. There are many unique experiences such as earthenware experience, rice cake making experience, traditional tea ceremony experience, hanbok experience, traditional paste experience, noodle making experience, and quilting experience. Since the operating hours and experience costs are different for each experience center, it is recommended to check the information of the experience center on the official website of Kyochon Village and inquire in advance before visiting.
The name Woljeonggyo Bridge was known through the record that "Woljeonggyo Bridge and Chunyanggyo Bridge were built in Muncheon, south of the palace," in the 19th year of King Gyeongdeok of Unified Silla in Samguksagi.
All restoration was completed in April 2018 by conducting a decade-long investigation, historical research, and restoration of what was lost and disappeared during the Joseon Dynasty.
In 2013, the bridge was restored first, and then the gate towers on both sides of the bridge were completed.
On the second floor of the gate tower, there is an exhibition hall where you can see videos of the restoration process of the bridge and excavated artifacts.
It is good to see the shape of Woljeonggyo Bridge during the day, and Woljeonggyo Bridge at night seduces us with another charm.
Let's look at Woljeonggyo Bridge from the stepping stone installed in front of Woljeonggyo Bridge. You can hold Woljeonggyo Bridge that shines softly on the river.
Hwangridan-gil is the youngest road in Gyeongju. It refers to the areas of Hwangnam-dong and Sajeong-dong on both sides based on the road from Naenam Intersection to Hwangnam Elementary School Intersection.
Young people began to gather a few years ago, and good cafes, cute props, souvenir shops, and unique restaurants were built. In the early days, shops were built around the roadside, but as the outer edge of Hwangridan-gil expanded, unique shops are being built one after another in every alley.
It has become an indispensable course for Gyeongju trips.
Go to the cafe you searched for, knock on the door of a restaurant you can see while walking, or find a cute souvenir to celebrate the race at the end of your trip to Gyeongju. Let's eat, drink, and enjoy it on Hwangridan-gil.
Donggung and Wolji, where the title of Gyeongju Night View is not a waste, may be more familiar with the name Anapji.
This place, which was ruined during the Joseon Dynasty, was called Anapji because it was a pond with a group of geese and ducks, and this was originally the site of the annex where the princes of the Silla Dynasty lived. So in 2011, I found my name Donggung and Wolji.
According to the records of the Samguk Sagi, the pond "Wolji" was created in the 14th year of King Munmu (674), and "Donggung" was built in 679, after the unification of the three kingdoms was completed. The "Imhaejeon" in Donggung was used as a venue for entertainment, meetings, and entertainment.
Donggung and Wolji show the peak of Silla landscape art.
Wolji, which has an east-west length of 200m and a north-south length of 180m, has a straight circumference in the southwest while a winding curve in the northeast.
For this reason, the entire view of the pond could not be seen at a glance anywhere, making it feel like an unknown sea. Imhaejeon Hall, which is used as a venue for performances, means a pavilion overlooking the sea, and it can be guessed around that the landscape of the pond wall represents the sea.